Oregon education needs to focus more on soft skills, work-based training, Harvard speaker says.
Looking to become a nurse, trucker, or sales rep? You’re in luck.
Those are Oregon’s fastest-growing “middle skills” jobs—those that require more training than a high school diploma, but less than a college degree. On average these jobs stay unfilled for more than a month.
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At the Oregon Talent Summit, a workforce conference, on Friday, Harvard Business School professor Joseph Fuller attempted to explain why.
Fuller told a familiar story—young Oregonians are flocking to universities for history and English degrees, and leaving high-paying trade jobs unfilled. Oregon needs more emphasis, he said, on so-called “soft skills,” like communication and taking feedback, and more funding for career and technical education.
“We need to place more emphasis on work-based training,” he said. “We know it works.”
“We need to place more emphasis on work-based training,” Fuller said. “We know it works.”
On the first point, Fuller indulged in some curmudgeonly millennial-bashing. Kids these days, he opined, don’t know how to show up at 9 a.m. and take straight talk from a supervisor.
“The kids coming out of the K-12 system,” Fuller said, “are not as prepared as their parents were.”
Fuller might want to check that assessment with the Harvard Business Review. A 2016 issue noted millennials are actually workaholics compared to previous generations.
Millennials shouldn’t be blamed for their lack of preparedness, Fuller qualified. Oregon’s public high schools are woefully underfunded. Colleges are trying to fill the gap to prepare students for work.
There’s another way, Fuller said. Apprenticeship programs and other real-world experience, can do the job just as well.
He pointed to a Harvard Business School survey on the future of work. According to the survey:
-49% of employers said college graduates and non-degree workers with experience were just as productive (31% percent favored graduates)
-40% of employers said both groups had similar retention rates (29% favored graduates)
Jamie Merisotis, president and CEO of Lumina Foundation, agreed employers need to focus more on training and educating employees because hiring staffers with skills can often cost businesses more than training the existing workforce.
It is “important to their bottom line,” said Merisotis on the topic of keeping employees’ skills up to date. He added training employees is an effective way to retain workers. “One of the best ways for companies to play a civic role is to improve the talent of employees,” he said.
An unfortunate side effect of push toward college education, Fuller says, is degree inflation.
According to the Harvard Business School survey, compared to high school graduates with on-the-job experience, college graduates demanded more raises, paid more attention to offers from competitors and felt less engaged at work.
Yet thousands of young people go and get degrees anyway. Faced with a large number of applicants, employers use degrees to weed people out. That leads to “degree inflation”—employers asking for college graduates they don’t need.
The following data, from a Harvard Business School analysis of the American Community Survey, shows the prevalence of degree inflation in Oregon.
In Oregon, 16,579 jobs are at risk of degree inflation. The top three are:
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing
First line supervisors of retail sales workers
Bookkeeping, accounting and auditing clerks
Most people who hold these jobs don’t have degrees, even though job postings for the positions now require one.
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