Portland Harbor sinks under Superfund stigma

| Print |  Email
Articles - January 2010
Wednesday, December 16, 2009

Portland Harbor is a critical economic engine stalled by the uncertainty and stigma of being a Superfund site. It will take decades to restore the Lower Willamette River and the transition will be unpleasant, expensive and complex. And crucial.

STORY BY BEN JACKLET // PHOTOS BY MICHAEL G. HALLE
_MGH0032
Like many Portland Harbor businesses, Schnitzer Steel is both an important employer and a source of pollution.

At first glance, the vacant 50-acre property next to the railroad bridge looks like an ideal stage for creating jobs, with a deep-water channel to the Pacific Ocean, rail access and a broad expanse of level, cheap land. Situated in the heart of Portland’s industrial harbor, it occupies an enterprise zone as well as an Urban Renewal Area, meaning government incentives are available for investors.

Yet nobody is investing, because nobody wants to inherit the liability. Groundwater monitoring wells dot the property, and workers out in the muddy field take samples and record data as part of a seemingly endless cleanup that is a prelude to bigger and more expensive cleanups to come.

The Arkema site, as this property is known, is Ground Zero of the complicated mess known as the Portland Harbor Superfund site. Industrial pesticides including DDT were manufactured here, and toxins drained straight into the Willamette River. A drainage ditch from another long-closed chemical plant that used to make Agent Orange added to the toxic soup. A nearby lake is so contaminated that it needs to be drained and capped. Plans call for a huge underground barrier wall to stop the flow of groundwater into the river, combined with extraction wells to pump out dirty water and treat it. Two massive corporations, Arkema (which recently spun off from the French multinational company Total) and Sanofi-Aventis (the fourth-largest pharmaceuticals company in the world), are fighting over liability. The larger effort to clean up the Lower Willamette River is on hold until they clean up their messes because no one wants to spend hundreds of millions of dollars to clean up a 10-mile stretch of river, only to have it recontaminated.

Superfund is not a process anyone wants to go through twice.

_MGH0869
Industrial employers such as Schnitzer, which exports scrap steel to China, boost Oregon’s economy by bringing traded sector revenue into Portland.

Both upstream and downstream from the abandoned Arkema property, at far livelier waterfront properties throughout the harbor, workers are welding barges and railcars, manufacturing steel pipes and silicon wafers. Trucks haul trash to the transfer facility, parts to factories and finished products to market. Freight trains rumble through sprawling rail yards. Gasoline gushes in from the pipeline that connects Portland with the refineries of Cherry Point, Wash. Huge ships import Toyotas and televisions and export wheat and soda ash, the principal ingredient used to make glass.

The basic industries on which Portland was built continue to hum along even after two years of recession, as vital to the regional economy as ever. “We have a manufacturing base in this city that most mayors would give their left arms for in terms of who’s operating here and how successful they are,” says Mayor Sam Adams.

 



 

More Articles

Leading with the right brain

News
Tuesday, December 09, 2014
120914-manderson-thumbBY LINDA BAKER

On the eve of the Portland Ad Federation's Rosey Awards, Matt Anderson, CEO of Struck, talks about the transition from creative director to CEO, the Portland talent pool and whether data is the new black in the creative services sector.


Read more...

What I'm Reading

November/December 2014
Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Peter Lizotte at ACME Business Solutions and Roger Busse at Pacific Continental Bank share their favorite reads.


Read more...

The Bookseller

November/December 2014
Wednesday, October 22, 2014
BY AMY MILSHTEIN

Everyone knows college is expensive, but a look at the numbers brings that into sharp — and painful — focus.


Read more...

Healthcare pullback

News
Thursday, November 20, 2014
112014-boehnercare-thumbBY JASON NORRIS | OB CONTRIBUTOR

Each month for Oregon Business, we assess factors that are shaping current capital market activity—and what they mean to investors. Here we take a look at two major developments regarding possible rollbacks of the Affordable Care Act (ACA).


Read more...

A Complex Portrait: Immigration, Jobs and the Economy

November/December 2014
Wednesday, October 22, 2014
BY JOE ROJAS-BURKE & KIM MOORE

Oregon Business reports on the visa squeeze, the skills gap and foreign-born residents who are revitalizing rural Oregon.


Read more...

Shuffling the Deck

November/December 2014
Wednesday, October 22, 2014
BY JON BELL

Oregon tribes still bet on casinos.


Read more...

Dan and Louis Oyster Bar opens up to a changing neighborhood

The Latest
Thursday, December 11, 2014
121114-oystervidBy MEGHAN NOLT

VIDEO: Revamping a Classic — an iconic eatery stays relevant in a changing marketplace.


Read more...
Oregon Business magazinetitle-sponsored-links-02
SPONSORED LINKS